Jazz triplet articulation

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mickael57280
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Jazz triplet articulation

Post by mickael57280 » Tue Apr 09, 2019 1:51 pm

Hi can someone tell me what's the common triplet articulation in jazz?

My jazz teacher is a sax player and can only tell me what's the best on what he hear when I articulate it or slur it.

I have an etude with one triplet and he prefer it when I slur it but can imagine it's possible if 2 or 3 triplet occur consecutivly.
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BGuttman
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Re: Jazz triplet articulation

Post by BGuttman » Tue Apr 09, 2019 3:16 pm

Sax players (and other non-trombone players) don't usually understand the logistics of trombone articulation. They switch a couple of fingers and a new note is formed. Articulation? Wazzat?

We have to figure out what makes sense. The most common jazz triplet you will see is one where the first and last notes are the same and the middle note is either higher or lower. Sometimes you can generate a slur using a partial change, like C-D-C above the bass staff. In this case, playing the D in 4th lets you execute a true slur rather than a smear or something that needs a legato tongue to prevent a rather ugly sound.

I tend to tongue triplets using a Ta-Dee-Ah (articulate the first note and try to use a partial change if possible for the second and third notes -- or legato tongue if you must).

If you are playing triplets like an Arban variation, you use a true triple tongue. That won't sound like jazz at all, but it's appropriate for that type of music.

Hope this helps.
Bruce Guttman
Merrimack Valley Philharmonic Orchestra
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Doug Elliott
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Re: Jazz triplet articulation

Post by Doug Elliott » Tue Apr 09, 2019 4:03 pm

Pretty much all articulation depends on what notes they are, and what position possibilities there are. Often you'd articulate some notes but not others - and if you do the same figure in a different key it might change everything. Nobody said playing jazz was easy, especially on trombone. You have to do a lot of figuring out what works for YOU (and practicing it) because two people might make entirely different choices to play the same thing.

So... spell out the figure and I'll tell you how I would (might) play it.
baileyman
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Re: Jazz triplet articulation

Post by baileyman » Wed Apr 10, 2019 7:28 am

For tonguing the best is likely doo-dle-ooo doo-dle-ooo doo-dle-ooo.

For slurring between partials a tongue position change can make it go, but some use breath.

And then some things you want to play may be best done using combinations of tongue and slur.

Having someone like Doug address specific figures might open up the topic.
Gary
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Re: Jazz triplet articulation

Post by Gary » Wed Apr 10, 2019 10:22 am

I think some of the answers are assuming what might be more than the question is, based on your backgrounds. The question is, " . . what's the common triplet articulation in jazz?". The basic articulation is usually slurred and usually is leading into another note. That's the what. The how is posted above.

To me, it's important to know what the notes should sound like so you use the proper why. This may be nitpicking, but the end goal determines the how.

For example, depending on context, some triplets are figures to be sounded just like traditional, Arban-like, figures. Others have a different goal. I just point this out because I think it's important to know what you want to achieve.
Doug Elliott
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Re: Jazz triplet articulation

Post by Doug Elliott » Wed Apr 10, 2019 11:54 am

For me there is no single common triplet articulation - it depends entirely on the context. I think it's useful and important to be familiar with every possible style of tonguing, but also realize that many times certain notes in a figure wouldn't be tongued, but "articulated" by a lip slur, usually on a downward interval crossing a partial.

So yes, as Gary said "the end goal determines the how."
mickael57280
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Re: Jazz triplet articulation

Post by mickael57280 » Wed Apr 10, 2019 2:29 pm

It's on a snidero etude B Bb Ab F, I play 4,5,3,1 all slurred.

And this JJ transcription on the 2nd and 3rd line from the top and the 2nd from the bottom.

https://www.google.com/search?q=jj+john ... aecYlKBVSM
Doug Elliott
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Re: Jazz triplet articulation

Post by Doug Elliott » Wed Apr 10, 2019 4:07 pm

On the JJ, I would do a standard legato triple tongue on pretty much all of that. I have developed a very legado double and triple tongue with a soft D&G so that it sounds almost like doodle tonguing because I can't actually doodle tongue.
baileyman
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Re: Jazz triplet articulation

Post by baileyman » Thu Apr 11, 2019 5:25 am

JJ certainly doodled that, but you may find something else that works. There are lots of other triplets you may want to play, and depending on where they are on the horn you may find different solutions for them.

The figure you cite I recall Fontana playing exactly, also doodled.
Doubler
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Re: Jazz triplet articulation

Post by Doubler » Sun Apr 14, 2019 12:01 am

da-da-DAH-ah-da-DAH-ah-da-DAH-ah-da-DA, emphasizing the third note of each triplet is how I usually swing triplets. As Duke Ellington expounded musically: "It don't mean a thing...."

Good advice has already been given: Experiment and get so you can play any combination of emphases that appropriately fits the tune. Synchopation is ear-catching. Play so the audience can hear your thoughts.
Current instruments:
Olds Studio trombone, 3 trumpets, 1 flugelhorn, 1 cornet, 1 shofar, 1 keyboard

Previous trombones:
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mickael57280
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Re: Jazz triplet articulation

Post by mickael57280 » Tue Apr 16, 2019 11:42 am

Doug what do you mean when you said ''legato triple tongue'' for me legato is using no tongue for switching partials or using a LA articulation when notes are on same partial.
Doug Elliott
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Re: Jazz triplet articulation

Post by Doug Elliott » Tue Apr 16, 2019 5:12 pm

A very light D-D-G. I practice it so lightly that it almost sounds like no tongue at all.
mickael57280
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Re: Jazz triplet articulation

Post by mickael57280 » Fri Apr 19, 2019 4:14 am

Thank you Doug.
I don't know why, but slurring triplet, especially 2 or more consecutivly, if I slur all it sound like it lack definition, a little mushy.
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